0-search and 0-merge

Hiroki Narita, Hironobu Kasai, Takaomi Kato, Mihoko Zushi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


In this chapter, we put forward the hypothesis that all syntactic operations can be uniformly characterized as a composite of two most primitive operations, which we refer to as 0-Search (S0) and 0-Merge (M0). 0-Search is an operation such that it picks out n elements contained in a given domain as an input to linguistic computation. 0-Merge is an operation such that given n objects, it forms a set of these objects. We argue that not only “Merge” (be it external or internal) but also various other “relation-forming” operations, such as labeling, Agree(ment), chain-formation, and binding, can be unified under a composite operation M0oS0, incorporating and further extending the notion of generalized Search proposed by Kato et al. (2014) [Chapter 3, this volume]. We also propose a generalized minimality condition on M0oS0, and demonstrate that it can capture various locality constraints on Merge, labeling, Agree(ment), chain-formation, and binding.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMerge in the Mind-Brain
Subtitle of host publicationEssays on Theoretical Linguistics and the Neuroscience of Language
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages30
ISBN (Electronic)9781315442792
ISBN (Print)9781138216143
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)


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