A 115mW 1Gbps bit-serial layered LDPC decoder for WiMAX

Xiongxin Zhao*, Xiao Peng, Zhixiang Chen, Dajiang Zhou, Satoshi Goto

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)


    Structured quasi-cyclic low-density parity-check (QCLDPC) codes have been adopted in many wireless communication standards, such as WiMAX, Wi-Fi and WPAN. To completely support the variable code rate (multi-rate) and variable code length (multi-length) implementation for universal applications, the partial-parallel layered LDPC decoder architecture is straightforward and widely used in the decoder design. In this paper, we propose a high parallel LDPC decoder architecture for WiMAX system with dedicated ASIC design. Different from the block by block decoding schedule in most partial-parallel layered architectures, all the messages within each layer are updated simultaneously in the proposed fully-parallel layered decoder architecture. Meanwhile, the message updating is separated into bit-serial style to reduce hardware complexity. A 6-bit implementation is adopted in the decoder chip, since simulations demonstrate that 6-bit quantization is the best trade-off between performance and complexity. Moreover, the two-layer concurrent processing technique is proposed to further increase the parallelism for low code rates. Implementation results show that the decoder chip saves 22.2% storage bits and only takes 2448 clock cycles per iteration for all the code rates defined in WiMAX standard. It occupies 3.36mm2 in SMIC 65 nm CMOS process, and realizes 1056 Mbps throughput at 1.2V, 110MHz and 10 iterations with 115mW power occupation, which infers a power efficiency of 10.9 pJ/bit/iteration. The power efficiency is improved 63.6% in normalized comparison with the state-of-art WiMAX LDPC decoder.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2384-2391
    Number of pages8
    JournalIEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec


    • Bit-serial
    • Layered scheduling
    • QC-LDPC
    • WiMAX

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
    • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
    • Applied Mathematics
    • Signal Processing


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