A Blockchain-Based Collaboration Framework for Teaching Material Creation

Huichen Chou*, Donghui Lin, Takao Nakaguchi, Toru Ishida

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)


Making use of existing resources to create teaching material can save effort and yield better quality. Although there are some resources that can be used freely for educational purposes, most come with significant IP protections. A technology is needed that can allow the usage of copyright restricted resources for collaboration in teaching material generation. We propose a system that provides a full record of multiple authorships and contribution shares when resources are used and such a record supports royalty sharing; its system framework is detailed in this paper. We also exploit the advantage of blockchain technology to bind participants when sharing resources and acknowledge other teachers when their teaching materials are used. In addition, the blockchain-based record can provide distributed management with security, transparency and immutability. Thus, teachers who create teaching materials have sufficient evidence to claim authorship. The smart contract on blockchain has two core functions: registering original material to allow sharing as well as recording multiple authorships of the materials used with contribution distribution. With blockchain as its core, it can be extended with addon functions, such as access management, external file storage and external version control system to support complicate editing activities. We use Remix-Ethereum IDE to implement a prototype. Our contributions are two-fold. First, we propose a blockchain-based framework to support the use of copyrighted resources when creating teaching materials. Second, we demonstrate its feasibility in a prototype implementation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLearning and Collaboration Technologies
Subtitle of host publicationNew Challenges and Learning Experiences - 8th International Conference, LCT 2021, Held as Part of the 23rd HCI International Conference, HCII 2021, Proceedings
EditorsPanayiotis Zaphiris, Andri Ioannou
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9783030778880
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event8th International Conference on Learning and Collaboration Technologies, LCT 2021, held as Part of the 23rd International Conference, HCI International 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 2021 Jul 242021 Jul 29

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume12784 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference8th International Conference on Learning and Collaboration Technologies, LCT 2021, held as Part of the 23rd International Conference, HCI International 2021
CityVirtual, Online


  • Blockchain
  • Educational resources
  • Open collaboration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)


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