A delay analogue of the box and ball system arising from the ultra-discretization of the delay discrete Lotka-Volterra equation

Kenta Nakata*, Kanta Negishi, Hiroshi Matsuoka, Ken Ichi Maruno

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A delay analogue of the box and ball system (BBS) is presented. This new soliton cellular automaton is constructed by the ultra-discretization of the delay discrete Lotka-Volterra equation, which is an integrable delay analogue of the discrete Lotka-Volterra equation. Soliton patterns generated by this delay BBS are classified into normal solitons and abnormal solitons. Normal solitons have a clear relationship to the solitons of the BBS with K kinds of balls. On the other hand, abnormal solitons show various types of novel soliton patterns, which have not been observed in almost all known BBSs. We obtain them by numerical experiments, and then construct τ-functions of them analytically in 1-soliton cases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number145701
JournalJournal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
Volume57
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Apr 5

Keywords

  • box and ball system
  • delay discrete soliton equations
  • ultra-discretization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Mathematical Physics
  • General Physics and Astronomy

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