A floorplan aware high-level synthesis algorithm with body biasing for delay variation compensation

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    In this paper, we propose a floorplan aware high-level syn-thesis algorithm with body biasing for delay variation compensation, which minimizes the average leakage energy of manufactured chips. In order to realize floorplan-aware high-level synthesis, we utilize huddle-based dis-tributed register architecture (HDR architecture). HDR architecture divides the chip area into small partitions called a huddle and we can control a body bias voltage for every huddle. During high-level synthesis, we iteratively obtain expected leakage energy for every huddle when applying a body bias voltage. A huddle with smaller expected leakage energy contributes to reducing expected leakage energy of the entire circuit more but can in-crease the latency. We assign control-data flow graph (CDFG) nodes in non-critical paths to the huddles with larger expected leakage energy and those in critical paths to the huddles with smaller expected leakage energy. We expect to minimize the entire leakage energy in a manufactured chip without increasing its latency. Experimental results show that our algorithm reduces the average leakage energy by up to 39.7% without latency and yield degradation compared with typical-case design with body biasing.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1439-1451
    Number of pages13
    JournalIEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 1


    • Body biasing
    • Delay variation
    • Floorplan
    • High-level synthesis
    • Interconnection delay

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Signal Processing
    • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
    • Applied Mathematics
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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