In this paper, we introduce a key technology, polarization modulation (PM), which should be taken into account when standardizing outdoor optical wireless communications (OWC), also known as free-space optical communications (FSO). We analyze the distortion of the polarization state when a laser beam propagates through the atmospheric channel. The floating range of the optical polarization was estimated and the necessity of researching the proposed technology was discussed. Moreover, we conducted a comparison between the PM-based FSO system and intensity modulation-based FSO system. The conclusions will be helpful in establishing the FSO standard architectures.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Information Systems
- Hardware and Architecture
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Artificial Intelligence