A living-sphere approach for locally oriented sustainable design

Hideki Kobayashi*, Shinichi Fukushige

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Achieving a sustainable consumption and production pattern is one of the United Nation’s sustainable development goals for 2030. To achieve this, it is necessary to consider the environmental burden from a product life cycle and the quality of life of the consumer. In this study, a systematic approach for connecting basic human needs and the product development process, called the living-sphere approach, is proposed. This approach is intended to encompass the complete relationship between region-specific basic needs and durable products. In this approach, value graphs, which visualize the value system of products, are connected to satisfiers fulfilling the basic needs set out by Max-Neef. A value graph links satisfiers and the traditional product development process. The significance of the proposed approach is twofold. First, improving quality of daily life and traditional product development are combined in the same framework. Second, the design of single products and the total optimization of multi-products are supported at the requirement level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-113
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Remanufacturing
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Basic human needs
  • Environmentally conscious design (eco-design)
  • Local community
  • Quality of life (QoL)
  • Sustainable consumption and production (SCP)
  • Sustainable design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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