A Review on Rubber-Enhanced Polymeric Materials

Eugene B. Caldona, Al Christopher C. De Leon, Bryan B. Pajarito, Rigoberto C. Advincula*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


In the field of nanotechnology, the innovation of polymer nanocomposites (PNCs) is a fast developing interdisciplinary field which is becoming beneficial to many industries because of the resulting tremendous expansion on the uses of polymers. Despite the enhancement of many of their interesting properties, the potential use of PNCs is yet restricted by an unevenness in mechanical properties; thus, the need for rubber modification. Although studies on rubber-modified polymers and composites were extensively covered in many literatures, not so much has been reported on rubber-modified based PNC systems. This paper is an effort to collect and review pertinent information from past and current developments in polymer matrix-based systems with rubber, of any size, as the main key modification. Also, in the discussion, nanoadditives such as graphene oxide, carbon nanotube, nanoclay, and the like (but not rubber nanoparticles) make a material a nanocomposite. Based on the reviewed studies, rubber-modified PNCs have resulted to enhanced fracture toughness with accompanied but tolerable reduction in material strength and stiffness. With balance end use performance, it is thought that rubber-modified PNCs may lead to more exciting robust materials that amalgamate the power of rubber-toughening and the perks of PNCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-338
Number of pages28
JournalPolymer Reviews
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 3
Externally publishedYes


  • Polymer nanocomposite
  • rubber modification
  • toughening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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