A spatiotemporal structure: Common to subatomic systems, biological processes, and economic cycles

Ken Naitoh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


A theoretical model derived based on a quasi-stability concept applied to momentum conservation (Naitoh, JJIAM, 2001, Artificial Life Robotics, 2008, 2010) has revealed the spatial structure of various systems. This model explains the reason why particles such as biological cells, nitrogenous bases, and liquid droplets have bimodal size ratios of about 2:3 and 1:1. This paper shows that the same theory holds true for several levels of parcels from baryons to stars in the cosmos: specifically, at the levels of nuclear force, van der Waals force, surface tension, and the force of gravity. A higher order of analysis clarifies other asymmetric ratios related to the halo structure seen in atoms and amino acids. We will also show that our minimum hypercycle theory for explaining the morphogenetic cycle (Naitoh, Artificial Life Robotics, 2008) reveals other temporal cycles such as those of economic systems and the circadian clock as well as the fundamental neural network pattern (topological pattern). Finally, a universal equation describing the spatiotemporal structure of several systems will be derived, which also leads to a general concept of quasi-stability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012008
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 1
EventInternational and Interdisciplinary Workshop on Novel Phenomena in Integrated Complex Sciences: From Non-Living to Living Systems, IIW-NPICS 2010 - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: 2010 Oct 112010 Oct 14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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