A two-dimensional experimental-numerical approach to investigate wave transformation over muddy beds

Mohsen Soltanpour, S. Abbas Haghshenas*, Tomoya Shibayama

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of a thin fluid mud layer on nearshore two-dimensional wave transformation is studied through numerical modeling and wave basin experiments. The wave basin experiments were conducted on both muddy and fixed beds. A mixture of commercial kaolinite and tap water was used as fluid mud layer, where its rheological viscoelastic parameters were derived from rheometer cyclic tests. The results can be utilized for better understanding of the complex wave transformation phenomena under real field conditions where the combined effects of shoaling, refraction, and diffraction as well as wave energy dissipation due to existing mud beds and wave breaking jointly occur. A dissipation model was coupled to the combined refraction and diffraction 1 (REF/DIF 1) wave model to develop a numerical wave height transformation model for muddy beaches. The proposed model was utilized to analyze the experimental data on muddy beds. Comparing the computed values of wave heights over mud layer with the corresponding measurements shows a fair agreement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)295-310
Number of pages16
JournalOcean Dynamics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Feb


  • Fluid mud
  • REF/DIF 1 wave model
  • Two-dimensional wave transformation
  • Viscoelastic model
  • Wave basin experiments
  • Wave energy dissipation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography


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