Activation of the ASTRO-E hard X-ray detector in low earth orbit

M. Kokubun*, Y. Fukazawa, E. Idesawa, J. Kataoka, T. Kamae, K. Matsuzaki, T. Mizuno, Y. Saito, T. Takahashi, K. Takizawa, M. Tashiro, T. Tamura, A. Yoshida

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


ASTRO-E Hard X-ray Detector (HXD) is characterized by well-type phoswich counters[1] in a compound-eye configuration which reduce the detector background to lower level than any other past hard X-ray mission. When operating in Low Earth Orbit, the expected background of the HXD is an order of 10 -5 counts/s/kcV/cm 2, mainly caused from the radioactivity induced within the detector materials by geomagnetically trapped protons. Results are presented from measurements of induced radioactivity in two phoswich scintillators, GSO (Gd 2SiO 5:Ce 0.5% mol) and BGO (Bi 4Ge 3O 12), irradiated by mono-energetic protons at an accelerator facility. Radiation transport computer codes are used to build the detector response functions for emissions from decays of spallation products. Based on the comparison between experimental and simulation results, the activation background level of HXD in the orbit is estimated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-376
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
Issue number3 PART 1
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Activation of the ASTRO-E hard X-ray detector in low earth orbit'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this