Adaptive training of vibration-based anomaly detector for wind turbine condition monitoring

Takanori Hasegawa, Jun Ogata, Masahiro Murakawa, Tetsunori Kobayashi, Tetsuji Ogawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Adaptive training of a vibration-based anomaly detector for wind turbine condition monitoring system (CMS) is carried out to achieve high-performance detection from the early stages of monitoring. Machine learning-based wind turbine CMSs are required to collect large-scale data to yield reliable predictions. Existing studies in this area have postulated that both data for training a monitoring system and those during the operation of the system are obtained from identical devices. In addition, constant monitoring of data is desir-able, but in practice, the data can be observed periodically (e.g., several tens of seconds of data are observed every two hours). In this case, collecting sufficient data is time con-suming, making it difficult to conduct accurate predictions at the early stage of the CMS operation. To address this prob-lem, a small amount of vibration data observed at a target wind turbine is utilized to adapt the anomaly detector that is trained on relatively large-scale vibration signals obtained from other wind turbines. In the present study, maximum a posteriori (MAP) adaptation is applied to a Gaussian mixture model (GMM)-based anomaly detector. Experimental comparisons using vibration data from the gearbox in the experimental environment and those used in the wind turbine demonstrated that MAP-based GMM adaptation yielded an improvement in anomaly detection accuracy even when only a small amount of data is observed at the target gearbox.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Prognostics and Health Management
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering


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