Adjustments for a class of tests under nonstandard conditions

Anna Clara Monti, Masanobu Taniguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Generally the Likelihood Ratio statistic ? for standard hypotheses is asymptotically ?2 distributed, and the Bartlett adjustment improves the ?2 approximation to its asymptotic distribution in the sense of third-order asymptotics. However, if the parameter of interest is on the boundary of the parameter space, Self and Liang (1987) show that the limiting distribution of ? is a mixture of ?2 distributions. For such “nonstandard setting of hypotheses”, the present paper develops the third-order asymptotic theory for a class S of test statistics, which includes the Likelihood Ratio, the Wald, and the Score statistic, in the case of observations generated from a general stochastic process, providing widely applicable results. In particular, it is shown that ? is Bartlett adjustable despite its nonstandard asymptotic distribution. Although the other statistics are not Bartlett adjustable, a nonlinear adjustment is provided for them which greatly improves the ?2 approximation to their distribution and allows a subsequent Bartlett-type adjustment. Numerical studies confirm the benefits of the adjustments on the accuracy and on the power of tests whose statistics belong to S.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1437-1458
Number of pages22
JournalStatistica Sinica
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul
Externally publishedYes


  • Bartlett adjustment
  • Boundary parameter
  • High-order asymptotic theory
  • Likelihood ratio test
  • Nonstandard conditions
  • Score test
  • Wald test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty


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