Aerodynamic and FSI Analysis of Wind Turbines with the ALE-VMS and ST-VMS Methods

Yuri Bazilevs*, Kenji Takizawa, Tayfun E. Tezduyar, Ming Chen Hsu, Nikolay Kostov, Spenser McIntyre

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

101 Citations (Scopus)


We provide an overview of the aerodynamic and FSI analysis of wind turbines the first three authors’ teams carried out in recent years with the ALE-VMS and ST-VMS methods. The ALE-VMS method is the variational multiscale version of the Arbitrary Lagrangian–Eulerian (ALE) method. The VMS components are from the residual-based VMS (RBVMS) method. The ST-VMS method is the VMS version of the deforming-spatial-domain/stabilized space–time (DSD/SST) method. The techniques complementing these core methods include weak enforcement of the essential boundary conditions, NURBS-based isogeometric analysis, using NURBS basis functions in temporal representation of the rotor motion, mesh motion and also in remeshing, rotation representation with constant angular velocity, Kirchhoff–Love shell modeling of the rotor-blade structure, and full FSI coupling. The analysis cases include the aerodynamics of standalone wind-turbine rotors, wind-turbine rotor and tower, and the FSI that accounts for the deformation of the rotor blades. The specific wind turbines considered are NREL 5MW, NREL Phase VI and Micon 65/13M, all at full scale, and our analysis for NREL Phase VI and Micon 65/13M includes comparison with the experimental data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-398
Number of pages40
JournalArchives of Computational Methods in Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Dec

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics


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