AFM observation of small surface pores of hollow-fiber dialysis membrane using highly sharpened probe

Masayo Hayama, Fukashi Kohori, Kiyotaka Sakai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


Determining pore size distribution is important for characterization of a dialysis membrane. However, conventional microscopic techniques cannot present a sufficient image for determining pore size distribution. In the present study, tapping mode atomic force microscopy (TMAFM) has been shown to be a powerful tool for observing and evaluating the small surface pores of a hollow-fiber dialysis membrane. Sample fixing technique described below and a highly sharpened probe have made it possible to observe small pores on a soft and undulant surface of a dialysis membrane. This is the first time that clear TMAFM images of surface pores of a hollow-fiber dialysis membrane at such high resolution have been presented. Pore diameter was determined by image analysis. Average pore diameter of APS-150 (Asahi-kasei, Japan) determined by TMAFM was compared with those by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and by the Hagen-Poiseuille equation. The average pore diameter of APS-150 determined by TMAFM was slightly higher than that by FESEM. The average pore diameter determined by the Hagen-Poiseuille equation was intermediate between values for that of inside and outside surfaces determined by TMAFM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-249
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Mar 15


  • Highly sharpened probe
  • Hollow-fiber dialysis membrane
  • Surface pores
  • Tapping mode atomic force microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation


Dive into the research topics of 'AFM observation of small surface pores of hollow-fiber dialysis membrane using highly sharpened probe'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this