ALMA Reveals Extended Cool Gas and Hot Ionized Outflows in a Typical Star-forming Galaxy at Z = 7.13

Hollis B. Akins*, Seiji Fujimoto, Kristian Finlator, Darach Watson, Kirsten K. Knudsen, Johan Richard, Tom J.L. Tom, Takuya Hashimoto, Akio K. Inoue, Hiroshi Matsuo, Michał J. Michałowski, Yoichi Tamura

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


We present spatially resolved morphological properties of [C II] 158 μm, [O III] 88 μm, dust, and rest-frame ultraviolet (UV) continuum emission for A1689-zD1, a strongly lensed, sub-L* galaxy at z = 7.13, by utilizing deep Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) and Hubble Space Telescope (HST) observations. While the [O III] line and UV continuum are compact, the [C II] line is extended up to a radius of r ∼ 12 kpc. Using multi-band rest-frame far-infrared continuum data ranging from 52 to 400 μm, we find an average dust temperature and emissivity index of T dust = 41 − 14 + 17 K and β = 1.7 − 0.7 + 1.1 , respectively, across the galaxy. We find slight differences in the dust continuum profiles at different wavelengths, which may indicate that the dust temperature decreases with distance. We map the star formation rate (SFR) via IR and UV luminosities and determine a total SFR of 37 ± 1M yr−1 with an obscured fraction of 87%. While the [O III] line is a good tracer of the SFR, the [C II] line shows deviation from the local L [C II]-SFR relations in the outskirts of the galaxy. Finally, we observe a clear difference in the line profile between [C II] and [O III], with significant residuals (∼5σ) in the [O III] line spectrum after subtracting a single Gaussian model. This suggests a possible origin of the extended [C II] structure from the cooling of hot ionized outflows. The extended [C II] and high-velocity [O III] emission may both contribute in part to the high L [O III]/L [C II] ratios recently reported in z > 6 galaxies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number64
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jul 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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