"Amarna blue" painted on ancient Egyptian pottery

M. Uda*, M. Nakamura, S. Yoshimura, J. Kondo, M. Saito, Y. Shirai, S. Hasegawa, Y. Baba, K. Ikeda, Y. Ban, A. Matsuo, M. Tamada, H. Sunaga, H. Oshio, D. Yamashita, Y. Nakajima, T. Utaka

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


"Amarna blue" pigments (18 Dynasty, c. 1400 BC) painted on pottery fragments were investigated using the PIXE, XRF and XRD methods in laboratories and also using a portable type of X-ray spectrometer at the sites of excavation. On the blue-colored part enrichment of Na, Al, S, Cl, Ca, Mn, Co, Ni and Zn was found using X-ray spectroscopy, and CaSO4, NaCl and Co(M)Al2O4, M denoting Mn, Fe, Ni and Zn, were found by the help of X-ray diffraction. This means that Amarna blue is a mixture of CaSO4 and Co(M)Al2O4, at least in part.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-386
Number of pages5
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Apr
Externally publishedYes


  • Amarna blue
  • Ancient blue pigment
  • Co(M)AlO
  • PIXE
  • Portable XRF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation


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