An analysis of sustainable consumption by the waste input-output model

Koji Takase*, Yasushi Kondo, Ayu Washizu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

99 Citations (Scopus)


The extension of the waste input-output (WIO) model to analyze households' sustainable consumption patterns is presented in this article. We estimate direct and indirect emission loads induced by household consumption by the WIO model. The WIO model is much more suitable for the analysis of sustainable consumption than the conventional input-output model because it can deal with the disposal stage of consumed goods as well as the purchase and use stages. A simple method for evaluating income rebound effects is also introduced. As indicators of environmental loads, we estimate carbon dioxide (CO 2) emissions and landfill consumption induced by house-hold consumption. The model is applied to some typical sustainable consumption scenarios: shifting transportation modes from a private car to public transportation, the longer use of household electric appliances, and eating at restaurants instead of cooking at home. We found that the income rebound effects should be considered to evaluate environmental loads induced by different consumption patterns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-219
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Industrial Ecology
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec


  • Carbon dioxide emissions
  • Environmental impact
  • Households
  • Japan
  • Landfill use
  • Rebound effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)


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