Antiferromagnetism in two-dimensional t-J model: A pseudospin representation

Daisuke Yamamoto*, Susumu Kurihara

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


We discuss a pseudospin representation of the two-dimensional t-J model. We introduce pseudospins associated with empty sites, deriving a representation of the t-J model that consists of local spins and spinless fermions. We show, within a mean-field approximation, that our representation of t-J model corresponds to the isotropic antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model in an effective magnetic field. The strength and the direction of the effective field are determined by the hole doping δ and the orientation of pseudospins associated with empty sites, respectively. We find that the staggered magnetization in the standard representation corresponds to the component of magnetization perpendicular to the effective field in our pseudospin representation. Using a many-body Green's function method, we show that the staggered magnetization decreases with increasing hole doping δ and disappears at δ≈0.06-0.12 for t/J=2.5-5. Our results are in good agreement with experiments and numerical calculations in contradistinction to usual mean-field methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number134520
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Apr 30

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics


Dive into the research topics of 'Antiferromagnetism in two-dimensional t-J model: A pseudospin representation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this