Application of the external PIXE analysis to ancient Egyptian objects

S. Nagashima*, M. Kato, T. Kotani, K. Morito, M. Miyazawa, J. Kondo, S. Yoshimura, Y. Sasa, M. Uda

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Mural paintings with ∼20 × 25 cm2 in size excavated in Egypt were analyzed by the external PIXE technique. Colored layers were stacked with white, yellow, red and black pigments in sequence, which were composed of Mg3Ca(CO3)4 (white), αFeO · OH and As2S3 (yellow), αFe2O3 (red) and soot (black), respectively. A single particle of As2S3 was also found from the yellow colored part, which glinted in the sun. A thin paraffin layer did not disturb the PIXE analysis, which was a part of reinforcement materials for ancient remains and was flowed out from a back side to a surface region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)658-661
Number of pages4
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Apr

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation


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