Aromatic copolymers containing ammonium-functionalized oligophenylene moieties as highly anion conductive membranes

Naoki Yokota, Manai Shimada, Hideaki Ono, Ryo Akiyama, Eriko Nishino, Koichiro Asazawa, Junpei Miyake, Masahiro Watanabe, Kenji Miyatake*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)


The synthesis and properties of anion conductive aromatic copolymers containing oligophenylene moieties as a scaffold for quaternized ammonium groups are reported. Our new hydrophilic components consist of a chemically robust oligophenylene main chain modified with a high density of ionic groups. A partially fluorinated oligo(arylene ether) was employed as a hydrophobic block. The targeted copolymers (QPE-bl-9) were synthesized via nickel-mediated coupling polymerization, followed by chloromethylation, quaternization, and ion exchange reactions. QPE-bl-9 provided tough, bendable membranes by solution casting. The resulting membrane with the highest ion exchange capacity (IEC = 2.0 mequiv g-1) exhibited high hydroxide ion conductivity (138 mS cm-1) in water at 80 °C. Reasonable alkaline stability of QPE-bl-9 membrane was confirmed in 1 M KOH aqueous solution for 1000 h at 40 °C. A noble metal-free fuel cell with QPE-bl-9 used as the membrane and electrode binder was successfully operated. A maximum power density of 510 mW cm-2 was achieved at a current density of 1.20 A cm-2 with hydrazine as the fuel and O2 as the oxidant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8238-8246
Number of pages9
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Dec 9
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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