Beyond political citizenship: marriage migrant women’s voting practices in South Korea

Ilju Kim*, Zoua M. Vang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examined the voting practices of Filipina marriage migrants in South Korea. Drawing on in-depth interviews with 66 women, we examine marriage migrant women’s voting through the lens of cultural and performative citizenship. We focus on the gendered and ethnicized integration of marriage migrants into Korean families and in the larger society and how their marginalised social position shapes the women’s voting practices. We identified three voting patterns–dependent, independent, and transitioned–that vary in their degrees of cultural and performative citizenship. We also unpack the characteristics or factors associated with each voting pattern that facilitated marriage migrants’ ability to engage in performative citizenship; that is, to contest their marginalised status and exercise greater autonomy in their candidate choices. Our findings illustrate how viewing immigrant voting through the perspectives of cultural and performative citizenship provides nuanced insights about the meaning and practice of voting beyond its intrinsic function of political representation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4191-4209
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Immigrant voting
  • South Korea
  • citizenship
  • family
  • marriage migration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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