Binary Indium-Zinc Oxide Photoanodes for Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

Andreas Kunzmann, Melanie Stanzel, Wolfgang Peukert, Rubén D. Costa*, Dirk M. Guldi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


The benefits of incorporating binary metal-oxide electrodes en route toward efficient dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have recently emerged. The current work aims at realizing efficient indium-doped zinc oxide based DSSCs by means of enhancing charge transport processes and reducing recombination rates. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopic assays corroborate that low amounts of indium reduce charge transport resistances and increase electron recombination resistances. The latter are in concert with a remarkable enhancement of the charge collection efficiency from 33% to 83% for devices with ZnO and In15Zn85O photoanodes, respectively. Going beyond 15 mol% of indium, an effective electron trapping increases the charge transport resistance and, in turn, dramatically reduces charge collection efficiency. Upon implementing In15Zn85O into an electron cascade photoanode architecture featuring an In15Zn85O bottom layer and a ZnO top layer, a device efficiency of 5.77% and a significantly high current density of 20.4 mA cm-2 in binary ZnO DSSCs are achieved.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1501075
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 7
Externally publishedYes


  • binary oxides
  • charge collection efficiency
  • flame spray pyrolysis
  • indium-zinc oxide photoanodes
  • n-type DSSCs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)


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