We consider the possibility of enhancing the inflationary tensor mode by introducing a spectator scalar field with a small sound speed which induces gravitational waves as a second-order effect.We analytically obtain the power spectra of gravitational waves and curvature perturbation induced by the spectator scalar field. We find that the small sound speed amplifies the curvature perturbation much more than the tensor mode and the current observational constraint forces the induced gravitational waves to be negligible compared with those from the vacuum fluctuation during inflation.
|Journal||Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)