Steam reforming of methane for the purpose of hydrogen production was performed using nickel catalysts supported on a variety of perovskites, including LaAlO3, LaFeO3, SrTiO3, BaTiO 3, La0.4Ba0.6Co0.2Fe 0.8O3-8, to compare the catalytic activity and resistance to coking of these catalysts to those of the conventional Ni/α-Al 2O3 catalyst. Ni/LaAlO3 and Ni/SrTiO 3 showed high catalytic activities among the Ni/ perovskites and longer-term stabilities than the conventional catalyst. Temperature programmed oxidation of carbon deposited on used catalysts revealed that inactive carbon species detected on Ni/α-Al2O3 were not formed in the case of Ni/LaAlO3. The results of temperature programmed reduction confirmed that consumption and recovery of the lattice oxygen in perovskites occurred during the reaction, and that the reducibility of perovskites had a great impact on the steam reforming activity. The lattice oxygen in perovskites is considered to play important roles in promoting the oxidation of CH, fragments adsorbed on metallic nickel.
- Lattice oxygen
- Steam reforming of methane
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology