The first catalytic and highly enantioselective synthesis of tribenzothiepin derivatives was achieved. Two types of intermolecular cycloadditions using either diphenyl-sulfide-tethered diynes or 2-phenyl sulfanylbenzene-tethered diynes with a monoalkyne successfully gave chiral multisubstituted tribenzothiepins in good to excellent ee values under mild conditions. The inversion energy of this saddle-shaped molecule was calculated by measurement of the racemization rate of chiral tribenzothiepins using the Eyring kinetic equation under heating conditions. The present protocol could also be used to prepare a chiral tribenzoselenepin.
- synthetic methods
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