Changes in [Ca2+]i induced by several glucose transport-enhancing stimuli in rat epitrochlearis muscle

Shin Terada, Isao Muraoka, Izumi Tabata*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of the present investigation was to establish a method for estimating intracellular Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) in isolated rat epitrochlearis muscles. Epitrochlearis muscles excised from 4-wk-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were loaded with a fluorescent Ca2+ indicator, fura 2-AM, for 60-90 min at 35°C in oxygenated Krebs-Henseleit buffer. After fura 2 loading and subsequent 20-min incubation, the intensities of 500-nm fluorescence, induced by 340- and 380-nm excitation lights (Ftotal340 and Ftotal380), were measured. The fluorescences specific to fura-2 (Ffura 2340 and Ffura 2380) were calculated by subtracting the non-fura 2-specific component from Ftotal340 and Ftotal380, respectively. The ratio of Ffura 2340 to Ffura 2380 was calculated as R, and the change in the ratio from the baseline value (ΔR) was used as an index of the change in [Ca2+]i. In resting muscle, ΔR was stable for 60 min. Incubation for 20 min with caffeine (3-10 mM) significantly increased ΔR in a concentration-dependent manner. Incubation with hypoxic Krebs-Henseleit buffer for 10-60 min significantly elevated ΔR, depending on the duration of the incubation. Incubation with 50 μM N-(6-aminohexyl)-5-chloro-1-naphthalenesulfonamide for 20 min significantly elevated ΔR (P < 0.05). No significant increases in AR were observed during incubation for 20 min with 2 mM 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-β-D-ribofuranoside or with 2 mU/ml insulin. These results demonstrated that, by using the fura 2-AM fluorescence method, the changes in [Ca2+]i can be monitored in the rat epitrochlearis muscle and suggest that the method can be utilized to observe quantitative information regarding [Ca2+]i that may be involved in contraction- and hypoxia-stimulated glucose transport activity in skeletal muscle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1813-1820
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2003 May 1
Externally publishedYes


  • 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-β-D-ribofuranoside
  • Caffeine
  • Fura 2
  • Hypoxia
  • Insulin
  • Intracellular Ca concentration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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