Characteristics of lift and restoring force in HTS bulk - Application to two-dimensional maglev transporter

Y. Sanagawa*, H. Ueda, M. Tsuda, A. Ishiyama, S. Kohayashi, S. Haseyama

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


One of the advantages of magnetic levitation using high-temperature superconducting (HTS) bulk is that stable levitation can be achieved without any control systems. We have been investigating the electromagnetic behaviors of HTS bulk to realize a two-dimensional magnetic levitating transporter without any fixed guides. The characteristics of lift and stability are key parameters to design and optimize such a device. We measured the lift and the restoring force of a YBCO bulk, displaced by a distance in lateral direction, for various field-cooling conditions and permanent-magnet arrangements. Both lift and restoring force are closely related to the air gap in the field-cooling process, distance between the permanent magnets, number of permanent magnets, and permanent magnet arrangement, that is, external magnetic field distribution. The most suitable arrangement of permanent magnets depends on the required levitation height and the weight of the levitating part. It can be considered that the size of the levitating part and geometry are also very important to determine the optimal arrangement in the maglev device.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1797-1800
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number1 II
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Mar
Event2000 Applied Superconductivity Conference - Virginia Beach, VA, United States
Duration: 2000 Sept 172000 Sept 22


  • Magnetic levitation
  • Stability
  • Transporting device
  • Trapped field
  • YBCO bulk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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