Several factors have been reported to affect the perception of wetness. In the present study, we aimed to examine how wet perception changes when the factors related to thermal and/or wetness stimuli are modulated. First, the percentage of participants experiencing wet perception among filter papers with different water contents (0.00, 3.75, 7.50, 11.25, 15.00, and 18.75 µg/cm2, corresponding to 0.00, 0.18, 0.37, 0.55,0.73 and 0.91 µg/mm3) was evaluated during static touch by the right index finger pad. The stimulus temperature was maintained at 30 °C. Second, the wet perception of paper with a water content of 18.75 µg/cm2 was evaluated at stimulus temperature of 20 °C, 25 °C, 30 °C, 35 °C, and 40 °C. In the first experiment, the percentage of participants experiencing wet perception elevated with the increasing water content; however, the percentage plateaued at 11.25 µg/cm2 of water (68.1 ± 25.5%). In the second experiment, when the stimulus temperature was < 30 °C, the wet perception increased as the stimulation temperature decreased. However, the wet perception reached a plateau at a stimulation temperature ≥30 °C. Participants experienced wet perception more consistently as the water content increased when the stimulus temperature was 30 ˚C. The effect of temperature on wet perception was limited to the stimulus temperature of <30 °C at which cold sensation was induced. However, no clear relationship between stimulus temperature and wet perception was observed when the stimulus temperature was ≥30 ˚C at which warm/hot sensation was induced.
- Mechanical sensation
- Thermal sensation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
- Behavioral Neuroscience