Drones, whose applications are rapidly expanding in recent years, have a wide range of uses, such as material transportation, pesticide spraying, structure inspection, and even the recently-flying cars, but it is difficult to fly in bad weather such as gusts. On the other hand, a CMG (Control Moment Gyro) is known which has the property of precessing when it is rotated by a force applied to the rotary shaft from the outside. Therefore, we wondered if the self-sustained control of the motorcycle using the CMG developed by the authors could be applied to the attitude control of the drone. In the paper, based on these findings, we modeled CMG and CMG-equipped drone based on the law of conservation of momentum, and the control law is obtained by using the optimal regulator method for the linearized model of the nonlinear system. The control effect has been confirmed by simulations. Based on the feedback gain confirmed by the simulation, the experiments have shown that CMG onboard drone are effective in suppressing wind disturbances equivalent to 22 m/sec and small vibrations of 0.7 to 4 Hz.
|Translated title of the contribution||Attitude control of drone by using CMG|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||IEEJ Transactions on Electronics, Information and Systems|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Mar 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering