Colloidally templated two-dimensional conducting polymer arrays and SAMs: Binary composition patterning and chemistry

Roderick B. Pernites, Mary Jane L. Felipe, Edward L. Foster, Rigoberto C. Advincula

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


A facile approach and strategy toward binary-composition, two-dimensional (2D) patterned surfaces of conducting polymer periodic arrays, together with thiol self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) is described. The method involved a Langmuir-Blodgett (LB)-like deposition of latex microsphere particles, electropolymerization via cyclic voltammetric (CV) techniques, and self-assembly of an amphiphile. The LB-like technique enabled the monolayer deposition of different sizes of polystyrene (PS) particles in hexagonal packing arrangement on planar substrates. Combining the LB-like method with CV electropolymerization is advantageous because it provides deposition control of a polymer interconnected network, controlled composition ratio of polymer and SAMs, and control of 2D size and spacing of the spherical void pattern. Electrochemical-quartz crystal microbalance (EC-QCM) in situ monitoring of the film deposition quantified a constant and linear growth rate, with varying viscoelastic behavior of the conducting polymer adsorption on planar and PS-templated substrates. The dual-patterned surface provided a good imaging contrast as observed by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Complementary analyses such as X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), attenuated total internal reflection infrared (ATR IR) spectroscopy, ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy, and static contact angle measurements were used to characterize the formation of the patterned surface. The versatility of the method enables the potential for making various types of quantitative binary compositions and patterned surfaces using different combinations of conducting polymer or functional SAMs, which can be extended in the future to polymer brushes and layer-by-layer assembly of various materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)817-827
Number of pages11
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Mar 23
Externally publishedYes


  • colloidal particles
  • conducting polymer
  • electropolymerization
  • self-assembly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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