Completely quantum-mechanical extraction of equivalent oxide thickness of PMOS gate insulator

Atsushi Hiraiwa*, Akio Shima, Dai Ishikawa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


To cope with the growing problem of device variability from the viewpoint of global variability, the authors developed a completely quantummechanical (QM) capacitancevoltage ( C-V) simulator of polycrystalline-Si-gate p-channel metaloxidesemiconductor (PMOS) devices in a similar way to the previous one for n-channel MOS (NMOS). The simulator was entirely based on experimental results and did not adopt any assumptions, which were inevitable in the other simulators, to implement the QM effects. Experimental C-V curves were almost completely reproduced by the simulator. The authors further extracted the equivalent oxide thicknesses (EOTs) of NMOS and PMOS devices, which were formed on the same dies, using this and the previous simulators. The EOTs of PMOS devices were always equal to or larger than those of the NMOS devices. The difference increased with a total dosage of fluorine atoms that were selectively introduced into the PMOS devices by BF2+ or F+ implantations during fabrication steps. It was almost zero in the case of small F dosages, as it should be. These results support the validity of this simulator. During the development of the simulator, the authors again confirmed that the relative dielectric constant of SiO2, grown at 950 °C or lower, is larger than the conventional value of 3.9.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5677479
Pages (from-to)650-657
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Mar
Externally publishedYes


  • Accumulation
  • C-V curve
  • equivalent oxide thickness (EOT)
  • gate insulator
  • p-channel metaloxidesemiconductor (PMOS)
  • physical thickness
  • quantum effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials


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