Concurrent upward liquid slug dynamics on both surfaces of annular channel acquired with liquid film sensor

Takahiro Arai*, Masahiro Furuya, Taizo Kanai, Kenetsu Shirakawa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The interfacial behavior of upward liquid film flow is an important phenomenon to evaluate interfacial transfer accompanying the entrainment and deposition of droplets. This research focuses on a vertical annular channel, and an air-water liquid film flow experiment was conducted under atmospheric pressure conditions. The diameters of inner and outer pipes in the annular channel were 12 and 18. mm respectively. The experiment featured multi-point electrode sensors installed in both the inner and outer pipe surface at the same height, and the ability to measure the liquid film distribution on both surfaces in the annular channel simultaneously. As for the sensor structure, 10. ×. 32 measuring points were arranged in a lattice pattern on the sensor surface and the spatial resolution was 2. ×. 2. mm, hence the liquid film thickness distribution could be measured rapidly, at over 1250 slices per second. Since the sensor was manufactured by a flexible multilayer substrate, it was applicable to a cylindrical channel surface. In the experiment, water was supplied from the inner pipe surface and uniformly distributed in the circumferential direction, whereupon liquid film distributions were measured 300. mm downstream from the water supply position. The time series data of the liquid film distribution demonstrated circumferential distributions of liquid film thickness and interfacial wave velocity. When the superficial gas velocity was smaller than 20. m/s, a liquid film formed on both inner and outside pipe surfaces, regardless of the superficial liquid velocity. With increasing superficial gas velocity, the film thickness of the outer pipe surface became thinner than that of the inner pipe surface. Measurement of the liquid film thickness on both surfaces of the annular channel also showed that a liquid slug with wavelength of several millimeters passed concurrently through both surfaces in the annular channel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-345
Number of pages9
JournalExperimental Thermal and Fluid Science
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Annular channel
  • Disturbance wave
  • Liquid film sensor
  • Ripple wave
  • Two-phase flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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