Construction of design guidelines for optimal automotive frame shape based on statistical approach and mechanical analysis

Masanori Honda, Chikara Kawamura, Isamu Kizaki, Yoichi Miyajima, Akihiro Takezawa*, Mitsuru Kitamura

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


A body frame composed of thin sheet metal is a crucial structure that determines the safety performance of a vehicle. Designing a correct weight and high-performance automotive body is an emerging engineering problem. To improve the performance of the automotive frame, we attempt to reconstruct its design criteria based on statistical and mechanical approaches. At first, a fundamental study on the frame strength is conducted and a cross-sectional shape optimization problem is developed for designing the cross-sectional shape of an automobile frame having a very high mass efficiency for strength. Shape optimization is carried out using the nonlinear finite element method and a meta-modeling-based genetic algorithm. Data analysis of the obtained set of optimal results is performed to identify the dominant design variables by employing the smoothing spline analysis of variance, the principal component analysis, and the self-organizing map technique. The relationship between the cross-sectional shape and the objective function is also analyzed by hierarchical clustering. A design guideline is obtained from these statistical approach results. A comparison between the statistically obtained design guideline and the conventional one based on the designers’ experience is performed based on mechanical interpretation of the optimal cross-sectional frame. Finally, a mechanically reasonable new general-purpose design guideline is proposed for the cross-sectional shape of the automotive frame.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)731-742
Number of pages12
JournalCMES - Computer Modeling in Engineering and Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Automotive structure
  • Crash-performance
  • Data mining
  • Shape optimization
  • Statistical approach

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Computer Science Applications


Dive into the research topics of 'Construction of design guidelines for optimal automotive frame shape based on statistical approach and mechanical analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this