Content Delivery Networks: State of the Art, Trends, and Future Roadmap

Behrouz Zolfaghari, Gautam Srivastava, Swapnoneel Roy, Hamid R. Nemati, Fatemeh Afghah, Takeshi Koshiba, Abolfazl Razi, Khodakhast Bibak, Pinaki Mitra, Brijesh Kumar Rai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, Content Delivery Networks (CDN) have become more and more popular. The technology itself is ahead of academic research in this area. Several dimensions of the technology have not been adequately investigated by academia. These dimensions include outline management, security, and standardization. Discovering and highlighting aspects of this technology that may have or have not been covered by academic research is the first step toward helping academia bridge the gap with industry or even go one step further to lead industry in the right direction. This suggests a comprehensive survey on research works in this regard. The literature in this area has already come up with some surveys and taxonomies, but some of them are outdated or do not cover every aspect of CDN while others fail to detect existing trends or to develop a holistic roadmap for research on the technology. Furthermore, none of the existing surveys aim at enlightening the dark aspects of the technology that have not been subject to academic research. In this survey, we first extract the lifecycle of a CDN as suggested by the existing research. Then, we investigate previous relevant works on each phase of the lifecycle to clarify where the research is currently located and headed. We show how CDN technology tends to converge with emerging paradigms such as cloud computing, edge computing, and machine learning, which are more mature in terms of academic research. This helps us determine the right direction for further research by revealing the deficiencies in existing works.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3380613
JournalACM Computing Surveys
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun
Externally publishedYes


  • Content delivery network
  • survey
  • trend

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)


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