Control of refractive index of fluorinated polyimide by proton beam irradiation

Yukitaka Arai, Yoshimichi Ohki, Keisuke Saito, Hiroyuki Nishikawa*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


To clarify the feasibility of controlling the refractive index of a polymer by proton beam irradiation, we irradiated 1.0 MeV protons to a fluorinated polyimide film. Before and after the proton irradiation at a fluence between 1 × 1014 and 7 × 1016 cm-2, the film surface was scanned by a profilometer. It was found that the depth of a dent, which increases with fluence, was induced by the irradiation. The refractive index of the ionirradiated region was calculated using the Lorentz-Lorenz equation, substituting the depth of the dent and the projected range of the protons. When the fluorinated polyimide was irradiated at a fluence of 7 × 1016 cm-2, the refractive index increased by about 3.3%, which agrees with the increment in refractive index measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry. The increment in refractive index (0.21%) induced by the irradiation of protons at the fluence of 1 × 1015 cm -2 is comparable to the value (0.35%) observed when protons were irradiated to SiO2 glass at a similar fluence. Therefore, it is reasonable to assume that the ion irradiation to a polymer can be a good method for fabricating a high-performance polymer-based optical waveguide.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012601
JournalJapanese journal of applied physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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