Controlling the Chromaticity of Small-Molecule Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells Based on TIPS-Pentacene

Michael D. Weber, Matthias Adam, Rik R. Tykwinski, Rubén D. Costa*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)


This work demonstrates a novel proof-of-concept to implement pentacene derivatives as emitters for the third generation of light-emitting electrochemical cells based on small-molecules (SM-LECs). Here, a straightforward procedure is shown to control the chromaticity of pentacene-based lighting devices by means of a photoinduced cycloaddition process of the 6,13-bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl) (TIPS)-pentacene that leads to the formation of anthracene-core dimeric species featuring a high-energy emission. Without using the procedure, SM-LECs featuring deep-red emission with Commission Internationale d'Eclairage (CIE) coordinates of x = 0.69/y = 0.31 and irradiance of 0.4 μW cm-2 are achieved. After a careful optimization of the cycloaddition process, warm white devices with CIE coordinates of x = 0.36/y = 0.38 and luminances of 10 cd m-2 are realized. Here, the mechanism of the device is explained as a host-guest system, in which the dimeric species acts as the high-energy band gap host and the low-energy bandgap TIPS-pentacene is the guest. To the best of the knowledge, this work shows the first warm white SM-LECs. Since this work is based on the archetypal TIPS-pentacene and the photoinduced cycloaddition process is well-knownfor any pentacenes, this proof-of-concept could open a new way to use these compounds for developing white lighting sources.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5066-5074
Number of pages9
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number31
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 1
Externally publishedYes


  • anthracene-core species
  • pentacene
  • photodimerization process
  • small-molecule light-emitting electrochemical cells
  • white electroluminescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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