Correlations between the factors characteristic of competitive sports and the dark triad

Yuki Ueno*, Tadahiro Shimotsukasa, Satoshi Suyama, Atsushi Oshio

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Correlations between the factors characteristic of competitive sports, such as the type of athletic event and competitive level, and the dark triad were investigated. A questionnaire survey was conducted with 506 Japanese university athletes (217 male and 289 female, mean age = 19.9, SD = 0.8). A three-way ANOVA indicated significant and marginal significant main effects of gender (male/ female), type of athletic event (record-style events/ game-style events), and competitive level (low-competitive group/ high-competitive group) on total dark triad score and its sub-scale scores, including Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism, as well as marginally significant two-way and three-way interactions among their specific combinations. These results are suggestive of correlations between the dark triad and gender, type of athletic event, and competitive level. It is suggested that future studies should investigate causal relationships between the strength of the dark triad and the processes of exhibiting performance and problem behaviors in athletes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number80
Pages (from-to)533-536
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Physical Education and Sport
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Athletes
  • Competition level
  • Dark triad
  • Gender
  • Type of athletic event

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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