CSR and cost of capital: Evidence from Japan

Megumi Suto, Hitoshi Takehara*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose – This study aims to examine the link between corporate social performance (CSP) and the cost of capital of Japanese firms in 2008-2013, considering the influences of banking relationships and ownership structure. Design/methodology/approach – It examines the relation between CSP and the cost of capital in terms of the cost of debt, cost of equity and weighted average cost of capital, using a composite CSP measure based on stakeholder relationships. A regression model is adopted, controlling for bank dependency, ownership structure and firm-specific attributes. Findings – Institutional ownership influences the CSP– cost of equity relation and reduces the cost of equity, while CSP is perceived by debtors as not information-mitigating for the observed period. For 2008-2010, the relation between CSP and bank dependency increases the cost of debt; however, the positive influence of bank dependency on the cost of debt dilutes during 2010-2013 as the shift to a more market-oriented financial market in Japan occurs. Practical implications – Although bank borrowing is important, especially for small firms, non-financial disclosure makes external financing more flexible. Institutional investors concerned about the non-financial aspects of business, therefore, play an important role in mitigating the information asymmetry that exists in the capital market. Originality/value – This study extends research on the CSP– cost of capital link by considering structural changes in financial systems (e.g. capital market perception of CSP and banks as delegated monitors).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)798-816
Number of pages19
JournalSocial Responsibility Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1


  • Banking relationship
  • Corporate social responsibility
  • Cost of capital
  • Institutional ownership

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'CSR and cost of capital: Evidence from Japan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this