Current status of gastrectomy and reconstruction types for patients with proximal gastric cancer in Japan

Hiroharu Yamashita*, Kazuhiro Toyota, Chikara Kunisaki, Akiyoshi Seshimo, Tsuyoshi Etoh, Ryo Ogawa, Hideo Baba, Koichi Demura, Sachiko Kaida, Atsushi Oshio, Koji Nakada

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Surgical procedures for proximal gastric cancer remain a highly debated topic. Total gastrectomy (TG) is widely accepted as a standard radical surgery. However, subtotal esophagectomy, proximal gastrectomy (PG) or even subtotal gastrectomy, when a small upper portion of the stomach can technically be preserved, are alternatives in current clinical practice. Methods: Using a cohort of the PGSAS NEXT trial, consisting of 1909 patients responding to a questionnaire sent to 70 institutions between July 2018 and December 2019, gastrectomy type, reconstruction method, and furthermore the remnant stomach size and the anti-reflux procedures for PG were evaluated. Results: TG was the procedure most commonly performed (63.0%), followed by PG (33.4%). Roux-en-Y was preferentially employed following TG irrespective of esophageal tumor invasion, while jejunal pouch was adopted in 8.5% of cases with an abdominal esophageal stump. Esophagogastrostomy was most commonly selected after PG, followed by the double-tract method. The former was preferentially employed for larger remnant stomachs (≧3/4), while being used slightly less often for tumors with as compared to those without esophageal invasion in cases with a remnant stomach 2/3 the size of the original stomach. Application of the double-tract method gradually increased as the remnant stomach size decreased. Anti-reflux procedures following esophagogastrostomy varied markedly. Conclusions: TG is the mainstream and PG remains an alternative in current Japanese clinical practice for proximal gastric cancer. Remnant stomach size and esophageal stump location appear to influence the choice of reconstruction method following PG.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4344-4351
Number of pages8
JournalAsian Journal of Surgery
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Oct


  • Esophagogastrostomy
  • Proximal gastrectomy
  • Proximal gastric cancer
  • Reconstruction method
  • Total gastrectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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