Customer behaviour analysis based on buying-data sparsity for multi-category products in pork industry: A hybrid approach

Arthit Apichottanakul*, Masayuki Goto, Kullaprapruk Piewthongngam, Supachai Pathumnakul

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Understanding customer behaviour is crucial for business success. For achieving this goal, the Recency–Frequency–Monetary (RFM) model has been commonly recognised as an effective approach to analyse customer behaviour. However, the traditional RFM approach is a coarse method for quantifying customer loyalty and contribution that can only provide a single lump-sum value of the recency (R), frequency (F), and monetary value (M); hence, it discards information regarding customers’ product preferences. Typically, different customers make different purchases. Subsequently, purchases are likely to be different across customers. This creates data sparsity, which affects the performance of conventional clustering methods. In this study, we integrated the group RFM analysis and probabilistic latent semantic analysis models to perform customer segmentation and customer analysis. The results indicated that the developed approach takes into account the product preference and provides insight into and captures a wide variety of the types of true ordering behaviour of the company’s customers. The information allows the manager to improve customer relationships and build a personalised purchasing management system for grouping customers with similar purchasing patterns.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1865598
JournalCogent Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Customer segmentation
  • Pork industry
  • data sparsity
  • multi-category products

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Engineering(all)


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