Degradation mechanisms of silicone rubber under different aging conditions

Takuya Kaneko, Seitaro Ito, Takefumi Minakawa, Naoshi Hirai, Yoshimichi Ohki*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)


Various kinds of aging treatments were given to silicone rubber (SiR), an important inorganic polymer for electrical insulation. Then, the SiR sheets were examined by terahertz (THz) absorption spectroscopy, infrared absorption spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance, and indenter modulus. As a result, it has become clear that three degradation mechanisms appear in SiR, depending on the aging condition. If SiR is aged thermally, the formation of cross-linked structures dominates. On the other hand, the oxidation of cyclic siloxane at the surface appears obviously if SiR is gamma irradiated at room temperature. In the case of steam exposure at 155 °C, SiR loses its molecular weight by hydrolysis. Corresponding with these aging processes, specific changes appear in THz absorption spectra. Regarding this, THz absorption spectroscopy is useable for condition-monitoring of SiR.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108936
JournalPolymer Degradation and Stability
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct


  • Aging
  • Degradation
  • Indenter modulus
  • Inorganic polymer
  • Non-destructive diagnosis
  • Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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