Density and viscosity of liquid ZrO2 measured by aerodynamic levitation technique

Toshiki Kondo, Hiroaki Muta, Ken Kurosaki, Florian Kargl, Akifumi Yamaji, Masahiro Furuya, Yuji Ohishi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Liquid ZrO2 is one of the most important materials involved in severe accident analysis of a light-water reactor. Despite its importance, the physical properties of liquid ZrO2 are scarcely reported. In particular, there are no experimental reports on the viscosity of liquid ZrO2. This is mainly due to the technical difficulties involved in the measurement of thermo-physical properties of liquid ZrO2, which has an extremely high melting point. To address this problem, an aerodynamic levitation technique was used in this study. The density of liquid ZrO2 was calculated from its mass and volume, estimated based on the recorded image of the sample. The viscosity was measured by a droplet oscillation technique. The density and viscosity of liquid ZrO2 at temperatures ranging from 2753 K to 3273 K, and 3170 K–3471 K, respectively, were successfully evaluated. The density of liquid ZrO2 was found to be 4.7 g/cm 3 at its melting point of 2988 K and decreased linearly with increasing temperature, and the viscosity of liquid ZrO2 was 13 mPa at its melting point.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere02049
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul


  • Aerodynamic levitation
  • Density
  • Liquid phase
  • Materials science
  • Severe accident
  • Viscosity
  • ZrO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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