Design of Power and Area Efficient Lower-Part-OR Approximate Multiplier

Yi Guo, Heming Sun, Shinji Kimura

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

13 Citations (Scopus)


Approximate computing has been paid attention as a promising technique to decrease power and area for error-tolerant applications by simplifying the internal operations with sacrificing their accuracy. In this paper, a new power and area efficient approximate multiplier is proposed using OR based compressor with no carry propagation for lower bit positions and a carry propagation compressor with inexact half adders and full adders for upper bit positions. The proposal is effective to reduce the critical path delay with almost the same precision with previous methods. Firstly, an inexact half adder and an inexact full adder are proposed and a construction method of 4×4 multiplier is shown. Then, a construction method of 8×8 multiplier is proposed using OR based compressor, approximate 4×4 multipliers and an accurate 4×4 multiplier. The proposed construction method can also be applied to 16×16 multiplier. The accuracy loss of proposed multipliers is evaluated using MATLAB simulation and that of the proposed 8×8 multiplier is low as 0.20%, the effect of which is shown to be negligible by applying to discrete cosine transform (DCT), inverse DCT and convolutional neural networks for image classification. The proposed 8×8 multiplier reduces power and area by 50.78% and 53.19%, respectively, compared with the accurate Wallace tree multiplier when evaluated using SMIC 40nm process.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of TENCON 2018 - 2018 IEEE Region 10 Conference
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781538654576
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb 22
Event2018 IEEE Region 10 Conference, TENCON 2018 - Jeju, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 2018 Oct 282018 Oct 31

Publication series

NameIEEE Region 10 Annual International Conference, Proceedings/TENCON
ISSN (Print)2159-3442
ISSN (Electronic)2159-3450


Conference2018 IEEE Region 10 Conference, TENCON 2018
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of


  • approximate multiplier
  • high performance
  • OR gate
  • top-down construction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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