Detectability of galactic supernova neutrinos coherently scattered on xenon nuclei in XMASS

K. Abe, K. Hiraide, K. Ichimura, Y. Kishimoto, K. Kobayashi, M. Kobayashi, S. Moriyama, K. Nakagawa, M. Nakahata, T. Norita, H. Ogawa, H. Sekiya, O. Takachio, A. Takeda, M. Yamashita, B. S. Yang, N. Y. Kim, Y. D. Kim, S. Tasaka, J. LiuK. Martens, Y. Suzuki, R. Fujita, K. Hosokawa, K. Miuchi, N. Oka, Y. Onishi, Y. Takeuchi, Y. H. Kim, J. S. Lee, K. B. Lee, M. K. Lee, Y. Fukuda, Y. Itow, R. Kegasa, K. Kobayashi, K. Masuda, H. Takiya, H. Uchida, K. Nishijima, K. Fujii, I. Murayama, S. Nakamura, Collaboration XMASS Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


The coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering (CEvNS) plays a crucial role at the final evolution of stars. The detection of it would be of importance in astroparticle physics. Among all available neutrino sources, galactic supernovae give the highest neutrino flux in the MeV range. Among all liquid xenon dark matter experiments, XMASS has the largest sensitive volume and light yield. The possibility to detect galactic supernova via the CEvNS-process on xenon nuclei in the current XMASS detector was investigated. The total number of events integrated in about 18 s after the explosion of a supernova 10 kpc away from the Earth was expected to be from 3.5 to 21.1, depending on the supernova model used to predict the neutrino flux, while the number of background events in the same time window was measured to be negligible. All lead to very high possibility to detect CEvNS experimentally for the first time utilizing the combination of galactic supernovae and the XMASS detector. In case of a supernova explosion as close as Betelgeuse, the total observable events can be more than ∼ 104, making it possible to distinguish different supernova models by examining the evolution of neutrino event rate in XMASS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-56
Number of pages6
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Coherent scattering
  • Liquid xenon
  • Neutrino
  • Supernova

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics


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