Detections of [O III] 88 μm in two quasars in the reionization epoch

Takuya Hashimoto*, Akio K. Inoue, Yoichi Tamura, Hiroshi Matsuo, Ken Mawatari, Yuki Yamaguchi

*Corresponding author for this work

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22 Citations (Scopus)


We report on detections with the Atacama Large Millimeter/sub-millimeter Array of the far-infrared [O III] 88 μm line and the underlying dust continuum in two quasars in the reionization epoch, J205406.48–000514.8 (hereafter J2054–0005) at z = 6.0391 ± 0.0002 and J231038.88+185519.7 (hereafter J2310+1855) at z = 6.0035 ± 0.0007. The [O III] luminosities of J2054–0005 and J2310+1855 are L[O III] = (6.8 ± 0.6) × 109 and (2.4 ± 0.6) × 109 L, corresponding to ∼0.05% and 0.01% of the total infrared luminosity, LTIR, respectively. Combining these [O III] luminosities with [C II] 158 μm luminosities in the literature, we find that J2054–0005 and J2310+1855 have [O III]-to-[C II] luminosity ratios of 2.1 ± 0.4 and 0.3 ± 0.1, respectively, the latter of which is the lowest among objects so far reported at z > 6. Combining [O III] observations at z ≈ 6–9 from our study and the literature, we identify the [O III] line deficit: objects with a larger LTIR (total infrared luminosity) have lower L[O III]-to-LTIR ratios. Furthermore, we also find that the anti-correlation is shifted toward a higher LTIR value when compared with the local [O III] line deficit.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 1


  • Galaxies: ISM
  • Galaxies: active
  • Galaxies: high-redshift
  • Quasars: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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