Development of autogenic training clinical effectiveness scale (ATCES)

Makoto Ikezuki*, Yuko Miyauchi, Hajime Yamaguchi, Fusako Koshikawa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of the present study was to develop a scale measuring clinical effectiveness of autogenic training. In Study 1, 167 undergraduates completed a survey of items concerning physical and mental states, which were thought to vary in the course of autogenic training. With item and factor analyses, 20 items were selected, and the resulting scale (ATCES) had high discrimination and clear factor structure. In Study 2, reliability and concurrent and clinical validity of the scale were examined with three groups of respondents: 85 mentally healthy, 31 control, 13 clinical persons. The scale showed a high test-retest correlation (r = .83) and α coefficient (α = .86). ATCES had a Pearson correlation coefficient of r = .56 with General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), and r = .73 with trait anxiety (STAI-T). And ATCES successfully discriminated the mentally healthy and clinical groups in terms of clinical effectiveness. These results demonstrated high reliability and sufficient concurrent and clinical validity of the new scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-481
Number of pages7
JournalShinrigaku Kenkyu
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • Assessment of clinical effectiveness
  • Autogenic Training Clinical Effectiveness Scale (ATCES)
  • Autogenic training
  • Reliability
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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