Development of the Japanese version of the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BAQ)

Akihito Ando*, Sachiko Soga, Katsuyuki Yamasaki, Satoshi Shimai, Hironori Shimada, Narisuke Utsuki, Osamu Oashi, Akiko Sakai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


The Aggression Questionnaire (Buss & Perry, 1992) has been used to investigate links between personality factors and health outcomes. We developed the Japanese version of the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BAQ) and assessed validity and reliability of the scale. Study 1 (N = 1 125 college students) used a 45-item rating questionnaire measuring each of four components of aggression: Anger, Hostility, Physical Aggression, and Verbal Aggression. Four aggression subscales emerged clearly from exploratory factor analysis. Study II (N = 611 college students) used a 24-item questionnaire and replicated factor structure and factor loadings of Study I. The scales were shown to be highly internally consistent, and stable at appropriate levels over 4-month time period. Normative data, factorial validity, and external evidence of construct, convergent, and discriminant validity for the scales were also presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)384-392
Number of pages9
JournalShinrigaku Kenkyu
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Dec
Externally publishedYes


  • Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BAQ)
  • College students
  • Hostility
  • Japanese version
  • Standardization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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