Development of Ultracold Francium Atomic Sources Towards the Permanent EDM Search

Tomohiro Hayamizu*, Hiromitsu Haba, Keisuke Nakamura, Takatoshi Aoki, Hiroki Nagahama, Kazuo S. Tanaka, Naoya Ozawa, Miki Ohtsuka, Yasuhiro Sakemi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Francium (Fr), which is the alkali atom in the 7th period, can be obtained as ultracold atoms with laser cooling and trapping techniques, and could be employed for the experiments on searches for the permanent electric dipole moment (EDM) of an electron. In order to improve the sensitivity of the electron EDM search, development of a high-intensity source of Fr atoms is essential. We demonstrated a production of a high intensity 210Fr ion beam with a rate of 5 × 10 6 ions/s by a fusion reaction with bombardment of an accelerated 18O beam onto a fixed gold target in RIKEN. The Fr products inside the gold target were extracted from the gold surface as an ion beam focused with an electrostatic field. We also discussed the method to produce 221Fr by α-decay of 225Ac. A neutron-rich 221Fr isotope can be obtained as a daughter nucleus of this decay.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11
JournalFew-Body Systems
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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