Development of V̇O2max prediction models from 3-minute walk test

Zhen Bo Cao*, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Mitsuru Higuchi, Izumi Tabata

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of the study was to develop new V̇O2max prediction models for Japanese men using a 3-minute walk test. One hundred and twenty-seven Japanese men aged from 20 to 69 years were recruited as subjects of the present study. Maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2max) was measured with a maximal incremental test on a bicycle ergometer. The prediction models were derived using data of age, 3-minute walking distance (3MWD), and either BMI, waist circumference (WC), or %Fat. This data was cross-validated by using PRESS cross-validation procedures. 3MWD was significantly related to V̇O2max (r=0.54, P<0.001). The multiple correlation coefficients for the BMI, WC, and %Fat models, respectively, were 0.81, 0.82, and 0.85. The standard error of estimate (SEE) was 4.5, 4.4, and 4.1 ml'kg -1 min-1 , respectively, for the BMI, WC, and %Fat models. All regression models demonstrated a high level of cross-validity supported by the minor shrinkage of the coefficient of determination and increment of SEE in the PRESS procedure. This study demonstrated that 3MWD was useful for predicting V̇O2max accurately using V̇O2max prediction models for Japanese men. The new non-exercise prediction equations derived in this study are applicable to estimating V̇O2max in Japanese adult men.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)527-536
Number of pages10
JournalJapanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Oct


  • Cardiorespiratory fitness
  • Field test
  • Male
  • Maximal oxygen uptake
  • Prediction model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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